What is the concept of cause and effect? You've probably heard about both of these words quite a lot of times. If we were to explain the relationship these words have with each other, it would with a lot of examples. Think about you woke up early in the morning with the sound of your alarm clock, yelling in your ear. You waking up with the loud sound is the cause. Without the alarm buzzing, you might have overslept. This means that the alarm had an effect on you when it woke you up. This is known as the cause and effect relationship when one thing/event makes (cause) the other event follows it as a result of it, or makes it happen (effect). In such kind of a relationship, it is important that both the events must occur at the same time. This means that whenever the cause happens, the effect must also occur at the same time. The strength of both events also depends on each other.
It's said that a butterfly flapping its wings can change the course of a hurricane halfway across the globe. The idea behind that is that lots of small causes can add up to big effects. On the other hand, one great big cause-such as that same hurricane-can have many different effects, depending on what you are measuring. Weather, economics, politics, even traffic, these are complicated systems, and your students should have a foundation for thinking about them. The following charts offer many options for charting causes and effects, whether single into multiple, multiple into single, parallel, or other configurations.