The worksheets found on this page help students learn how to identify rocks and minerals. We also look at the rock cycle.

We often forget the importance of rocks and minerals in our daily lives. Rocks form in nature and they are created three different ways. Igneous rock is formed when the Earth’s molten layers (magma) cools and forms a hard rock. Sedimentary rock takes time to form. As the layers of the Earth settle and form sediment, the rock layer forms. Metamorphic rock starts out as one of the other two and undergoes a great deal of heat and pressure. Whenever tectonic plates collide, you will find a bunch of metamorphic rock in its path.

You will find worksheets that teach you how to create crystals, classify rocks, label soil layers, and identify the rock cycle.

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Print Rocks and Minerals Worksheets

Click the buttons to print each worksheet and associated answer key.

Making Crystals

Crystals are beautiful and people have long been fascinated by their wide variety of shapes. In this exercise, you will make your own crystal shapes.

The Mohs Hardness Scale

One of the most important properties used to identify and classify a mineral is its hardness. The Mohs hardness scale measures a mineral's hardness using a simple scratch test to see what the mineral can scratch and be scratched by.

Unknown Minerals

Minerals can be identified by carefully observing their physical characteristics.

Classifying Rocks

There are three main types of rocks; igneous rock, metamorphic rock, and sedimentary rock. Use these three terms to answer the questions on this page.

Crossword Puzzles Rocks

Describes brightness of the light reflected from a mineral's surface.

Cycles of Rock

Rocks can change from one type of rock into another due to heat, pressure, and weathering.

Soil Layers

Soil and earth can have several layers and each has different structures and organisms. Look at the diagram of a soil profile pictured below.

The Rock Cycle

Move those rocks around in one spot.

The Rock Cycle (Word Bank)

Complete the rock cycle below using the word bank.

Erosion Worksheet

Erosion is the washing away of soil and rocks. Erosion can be minimized by plant life. The roots of the plants grow deep into the soil and prevent movement on the surface.

Label the Three Types of Rocks

Rocks are classified according to how they are formed. Igneous rocks are formed when hot molten rock cools and hardens. Sedimentary rocks are formed when very small pieces of rock settle and harden. Metamorphic rocks are formed by adding heat and pressure to igneous and sedimentary rock.

Three Types of Rocks Question Sheet

What is the difference between rocks and minerals?

Rock Formations

What does each picture tell us about how rock is formed?

Igneous Rocks

Identify the type of igneous rock that belongs in each box.

Igneous Rocks Question Sheet

Draw a picture of 3 igneous rocks and explain how each one is used.

Metamorphic Rocks

Identify the type of metamorphic rock that belongs in each box.

Metamorphic Rocks Question Sheet

What are metamorphic rocks and how are they formed?

Rock Identification Activity

Choose 3 rocks from the rock collection. Make sure each rock looks completely different.

Rock Identification Activity: Hardness Test

Find how hard your rock is by performing the following tests.

Rock Identification Activity

Is this rock igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary?

Rock Identification Activity Continued

Place rock in a cup of vinegar. Describe what happens.

One More Try

Is the rock magnetic?

Sedimentary Rocks

Identify the type of sedimentary rock that belongs in each box.

Sedimentary Rocks Question Sheet

What are sedimentary rocks and how are they formed?