A quarter of the Earth's surface is land. Any natural physical feature of Earth's surface is called a landform. Landforms are classified a number of different ways, but one of the most common methods is based on position and formation. Slopes are formed by tectonic plate shifts and movements. They form "hill like" conditions. Common slope landforms include hills, cliffs, plains, and valleys. Coastal and Oceanic landforms form near seas and oceans. Common forms include coasts, coves, deltas, lagoons, capes, and peninsulas. There are landforms that relate to flowing water called fluvials. Common examples would be beaches, gullies, islands, marshes, oasis, rivers, streams, and swamps. Mountains and glacials include fjords, glaciers, mountains ranges, and summits. There are also landforms that relate to volcanic activity they are fittingly called volcanic landforms. Examples include geysers, mesas, and calderas.
The landforms that are present today are not the same as they were millions of years ago. Over time plate shifts, erosion, and weathering has a great deal of influence on how these structures are shaped. Something some people miss is that rivers, oceans, and even lakes are thought of as landforms. They are shaped by the land underneath them. Just under three-quarters of the Earth is ocean. These worksheets will help students learn about all types of different terrains across the span of the globe. You learn about the highest mountains and the steepest peaks. Students will also examine common everyday land structures that they take for granted like hills and plains. Everything in this section is presented in three-page worksheet series which includes a content based reading passage, multiple choice questions and free response questions. We provide answers to everything, where it is possible.