A farm is a plot of land that use to grow crops and livestock to produce food. People that own and operate farms are called farmers. The practice of farming dates back thousands of years. Water is vital part of farming and is usually the major barrier to having a productive year for farmers. Having too little water will not allow the soil to be fertile enough for plants to thrive. Having too much water from flooding can also be a major problem it can wash away the plants and the nutrients in the soil.
Today many farms are operated by major corporations that have farms that are ten time greater in size and capacity of the family farmer. The main bread winning crops are corn, potatoes, soybeans, sugar beets, and wheat. Technology has helped farmers be more successful. In the 1930s a typical farmer could produce enough food for up to four people. Today, every farmer can grow enough food to feed one hundred people.