This series of worksheets and reading passages helps students understand the Ancient culture of Egypt.

The Egyptian culture was housed in northeastern Africa. The Nile River was a huge source of how Egyptians thrived. The Nile was used to water bountiful crops. Within the river was a great source of plant and animal life that provided food. The Nile was also used to transport trade. The culture was rich in art, religion, and government. Something that many students find interesting about this culture is that those that could read and write were seen as the most powerful of the culture.

These worksheets will help students learn more about this great civilization. The reading passages look at all of the fundamentals of the Ancient Egyptian culture.

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Tutankhamun Reading Passage

Tutankhamun is probably Egypt's most well-known Pharaoh (king). Known as the boy king, he ruled in Egypt from about 1336-1327 BCE, and died at around the age of eighteen.

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Tutankhamun - Multiple Choice Questions

What was the name Tut's parents gave him, and what did it mean? Why did Tut change his name when he became king?

The Pyramids

Pyramids were built by ancient Egyptians as tombs for their pharaohs. There are about eight pyramids that we know of in Egypt today.

The Pyramids - Short Answer Questions

When did pharaohs begin planning their tombs? This is one of the many questions in here.

The Sphinx

The Greek Sphinx was a fierce mythical creature with the head of a woman, body of a lion, and wings of a bird. In ancient Egypt, though, a Sphinx was male, benevolent, and of immense strength.

QUESTIONS: The Sphinx

What was the purpose of the Sphinxes in Egypt? Where is the most well-known Sphinx located?

The Pharaohs

A Pharaoh was the political and religious leader of ancient Egypt. Similar to a king, he owned all the land, made the laws, levied and collected taxes, and was responsible for the country's defense.

QUESTIONS: The Pharaohs

During the Old and Middle kingdoms, pharaohs were buried in _____________ when they died.

Canopic Jars

Ancient Egyptians believed that the body should be preserved after death, in order to be reborn in the afterlife. They also believed that in order to enter the afterlife, people needed their human bodies.

QUESTIONS: Canopic Jars

Why did ancient Egyptians preserve the bodies of their dead? Why were the organs removed from the body before mummification?

Hieroglyphics Reading Passage

Ancient Egyptians used pictures in their writing to represent objects, actions, sounds, ideas, or words. The pictures are called hieroglyphs, and there were over 700 of them, collectively known as hieroglyphics.

QUESTIONS: Hieroglyphics

Today, scholars are able to understand hieroglyphics because of what?

Agriculture in Ancient Egypt

Agriculture was an important aspect of ancient Egyptian economy, and most people of the time were farmers. They grew wheat, barley, and vegetables; fruits like figs, melons, and pomegranates; and flax to be made into linen for cloth.

QUESTIONS: Agriculture in Ancient Egypt

Why did the ancient Egyptians create reservoirs and canals during the harvest season?

Scribes Reading Worksheet

Almost everything we know about life in Egypt comes from the writing of scribes. Scribes were those 1% or so of Egyptians who knew how to read and write, and they were exclusively boys. It was a privilege to be a scribe. Scribes were not required to do any physical labor and they wore clean clothes.

Scribes - Multiple Choice Questions

Scribes wrote on the stems of a water plant called papyrus reed. It was prepared by flattening the reeds, drying them out, and fastening them together into pages.

Ancient Egyptian Gods

The ancient Egyptians had many gods. God were often depicted with the bodies of humans and the heads of animals. Particular animals were chosen to represent each gods' powers.

Ancient Egyptian Gods - Short Answer Questions

Bastet is usually depicted as a cat or with the head of a cat. She was the goddess of cats, the protector of women and childbirth, and the goddess of protection for joy, love, and pleasure.

Growing Up in Ancient Egypt

Children were raised by extended families. Boys were educated at home by their fathers. There is little information about what education girls may have received, and most were likely illiterate.

Growing Up in Ancient Egypt - Multiple Choice

Neary 30% of infants died before the age of one, most often of accidents or disease, and some children were not named until they had survived the most dangerous first years of childhood.