The series of events that needs to take place in order for a new law to be accepted and enforceable in the United States. The process of creating a law is long and arduous. The system of checks and balances, built into the constitution, makes sure that a law is well debated and long thought through by many people before it enforceable. The process starts when a Representative drafts and writes a bill (the finer points of the law to be). This Representative then seeks out other like-minded Representatives to support (sponsor) the bill. In this way they introduce it for consideration to Congress. It is then passed on to Congressional committees or subcommittees who are seen as experts in the area that the bill is concerned with. These committees further researches and evaluates the merits of such a law. They may make revisions to the document that they deem necessary. When a committee approves a bill, it is then sent to the House floor where it is debated upon and any final changes based on recommendations may be made. It is then voted on by the U.S. House of Representatives. If it is approved by a majority vote, the bill moves on for a vote at the Senate. It goes through all the same steps at the Senate that it went through in the House. Again, a majority is needed to pass it on to the President. If the President signs the bill, it becomes a law. The President can also send it back to the House for further revision or just do nothing.
This selection of worksheets looks at all the intricate parts of how a bill is shaped and focused into finally becoming a law. We look at the roles and responsibilities of all elected officials along the way. We also help student dissect some common political jargon that is often heard, but not understood by most. This process is looked at both the federal and state level. We finish off by looking at the difference between public and private bills.