This collection of worksheets will help students understand the life, culture, and geography of the North Pole.

The North Pole is located at the very most Northern point of Earth. The location is composed of solid ice in the form of an Arctic sheet that is six to ten feet thick, during the warmer months. This ice sheet can almost double in size through the cold months of the year. A couple of interesting facts for you are that you will not find penguins at the North Pole at all, but you will find polar bears. The North Pole is dark for half of the entire year.

In this selection of reading worksheets focus on the explorers, life, history, and even folktales associated with the North Pole. Make sure to read each passage carefully.

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North Pole Reading Passage

You may have heard that at the North Pole it is dark for six months out of the year and light for the other six months, but that is not entirely true.

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North Pole - Multiple Choice Questions

Civil twilight begins at the North Pole on September 25th and lasts until October 8th. Nautical twilight continues until October 25th.

Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen was the first explorer to visit both the North and the South Poles.

Roald Amundsen - Short Answer Questions

What are some of the things that Amundsen learned on his earliest Arctic expeditions?

Life at the North Pole

As cold as it is at the North Pole, there are approximately 20 species of mammals and 100 species of birds living there.

QUESTIONS: Life at the North Pole

There is much more going on under the ice than there is above it.

North Pole Fun Facts

Magnetic north is found by the direction a compass points. Magnetic north is always moving.

QUESTIONS: North Pole Fun Facts

What is the coldest place on Earth?

The History of North Pole Expeditions

Today, the U.S. Geological Survey estimates that about a quarter of the world's undiscovered oil and gas are under the surface of the Arctic.

QUESTIONS: The History of North Pole Expeditions

When Peary's claim of being the first to reach the North Pole fell into doubt, the explorer Roald Amundsen, who had been the first to reach the South Pole, joined with Umberto Nobile on the airship Norge in 1926.

Why Santa Lives There Reading Passage

Locating Santa at the North Pole was a combination of one man’s art and imagination, coupled with the fact that the North Pole was still fairly mysterious to us at the time.

QUESTIONS: Why Santa Lives There

What magazine was publishing Christmas-themed pictures in the late 1800s?

Robert Peary

Robert Peary was an American explorer who claimed to have led the first successful expedition to the geographic North Pole.

QUESTIONS: Robert Peary

That journey taught him that he needed to reach a higher latitude by ship before setting off on sledges.

Satellites and the North Pole Reading Worksheet

These satellites collect valuable information about the ocean and atmosphere.

Satellites and the North Pole - Short Answer Questions

What information collected by satellites is fed into weather prediction models?

Drifting Research Stations

Drifting research stations are manned stations that move along with the drifting ice pack in the Arctic Ocean.

Drifting Research Stations - Multiple Choice Questions

Using these drifting stations, many important discoveries have been made about the ecosystem at the North Pole.

Territorial Claims

Although the Inuit people live in the nearby Arctic regions of Canada, Greenland, and Russia, they have never settled at the North Pole because the ice is constantly moving.

Territorial Claims - Short Answer

How might a country one day go about claiming the North Pole as its territory?