A large collection of reading worksheets that explore the race to the South Pole and the environment of that region.

The most southern point of Earth is home to the South Pole. The summer season is half a year, but it is always cold. The average summer temperature is negative eighteen degrees Fahrenheit and the winter's average temperatures as cold as negative seventy-six degrees Fahrenheit. This region of Earth had very little human interaction until the early twentieth century when explorers began to venture into the region. The climate does not support an animal life.

Below you will find worksheets that look at the challenges the Explorers that made their way to South Pole had to undergo. We also focus on how climate change is rapidly changing the existing condition for animal and plant species.

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South Pole Reading Passage

The South Pole is on the continent of Antarctica, and it is the most southern point on Earth.

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South Pole - Multiple Choice Questions

Due to the tilt of the Earth's axis as the Earth rotates and revolves around the sun, there is only one sunrise and one sunset at the South Pole every year.


Though Antarctica is the fifth largest continent, it has an official population of 0 because it has no permanent residents.

Antarctica - Short Answer Questions

Why is Antarctica considered the world's largest desert?

Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen was the first explorer to visit both the North and the South Poles. He was born in Norway, and he had three brothers.

QUESTIONS: Roald Amundsen

Amundsen and his crew arrived at Antarctica on January 14, 1911 and camped there for ten months preparing for the trip.

Climate Change in Antarctica

Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, human beings have increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by burning coal, oil, and gas.

QUESTIONS: Climate Change in Antarctica

The Pine Island Glacier has retreated (melted) by about 164,000 feet in the past 70 years due to ice melting.

Race to the South Pole

Explorers from Europe and America first tried to reach the South Pole in 1904.

QUESTIONS: Race to the South Pole

Amundsen's team set out for the South Pole on October 20th with five men and 52 dogs pulling four sleds. Scott's team set off on November 1st with dog sleds, ponies, and motorized vehicles.

Supplying Scientists at the South Pole Reading Passage

There has been a permanent research station called the Amundsen-Scott South Pole station located at the South Pole since 1956.

QUESTIONS: Supplying Scientists at the South Pole

McMurdo Station is built on the volcanic rock on Ross Island, which is the solid ground farthest south that can be accessed by ship.

Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station

The station is completely self-sufficient in winter, since the 24-hour darkness and rough climate make it impossible to receive supplies.

QUESTIONS: Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station

The location of the South Pole is always moving. This is because huge slabs of the Earth's crust are constantly shifting.

Robert Falcon Scott Reading Worksheet

Robert Falcon Scott was a officer in the British navy and an Antarctic explorer. His first trip into the Antarctic was on the ship HMS Discovery.

Robert Falcon Scott - Short Answer Questions

In June of 1910, Scott set sail for Antarctica again on a ship called the Terra Nova.

South Pole Flora and Fauna

Instead, most of the animal life around the South Pole is dependent on the ocean.

South Pole Flora and Fauna- Multiple Choice Questions

Penguins in Antarctica spend the majority of their time in the water, where they eat krill and small fish.

Life at the South Pole

Though the South Pole is covered with a thick sheet of ice and show, it is not difficult to walk on.

Life at the South Pole - Short Answer

Because it is located at the absolute bottom of the Earth, the South Pole offers a unique perspective on the sun.