Simply put sharing is division and division is sharing. Division is sharing amongst several groups. Division is a fundamental operation in math that applies to just about every real-world career and profession. When you go trick or treating on Halloween, if you want to share the candy that you collected, you will need to divide. Ever want to have a pizza party? You are going to need to divide the number of pieces of pizza by the number of people eating them. Division is basically the splitting of a whole into many different parts. For example if you divide a whole by three, you are basically taking that whole and breaking it into three equal groups. Think of it this way if you had 60 coconuts and you had three containers to store them in, if you were to separate them equally each container would have 20 coconuts. If you think about it, division is the sharing operation. If you go back to our coconut example when doing problems, it makes it much easier to visualize and understand what's going on.
There are three parts to any division operation. There is the whole or part that is being divided we refer to that as the dividend. There is the number of parts/ groups the dividend is being broken into. That is called the divisor. The solution or outcome is referred to as the quotient. Example: 24 (dividend) / 6 (divisor) = 4 (quotient). If the divisor does not equally go into the dividend what is left over is called the remainder. Many mathematicians consider the remainder the fourth component of division because even if it does not exist the remainder can be said to be equal to zero. We ordered the worksheet topics below in order of difficult. We start with simple basic dividing and move on to more advanced operations that require you to critically think.