This is one of the most abused and misused forms of punctuation center to the English language. Colons are used to clarify what is meant by the writer. They are a form punctuation that help us introduce an item or series of them. The main objective with their use is to present the information in a much more digestible manner for your readers or audience. The words that follow a colon generally are not capitalized, but if a complete sentence follows the colon capitalization is appropriate to be used. Avoid using colons if they are to be followed by a preposition or verb because it will not flow in an ordinary sentence. Much confusion surrounds the use of colons versus semi-colons. This is because they look very similar but have very different uses. The colon is meant to offer a pause in the reading, usually to introduce related information. The pause adds a sense of a dramatic effect which can impact how your words are valued by your audience. Rather than a simple pause, a semicolon offers a hard stop to the reader.
The semicolon is often used to join two clauses that are more commonly separate sentences. In affect semicolons produce a longer overall sentence. This series of worksheets will explore the uses of these forms of punctuation. Students begin by identifying which form should be used in premade sentences. We then expand to using them in full paragraph forms. As usual, our goal is to have students learn their use in their own works. We start by having students create their own sentences all the time while using colons along the way. The secondary goal in this collection is to understand when and how to use semi-colons and understand the root differences between the two forms of punctuation mark.