Clauses are the building blocks of good, clear writing. In prevailing theories of English grammar, the hierarchy is: words (parts of speech), phrases, and then clauses. Clauses are a word group that contain two parts of speech a subject and a verb. The subject is the person, place, or thing in the sentence. The verb tells you what the subject is doing or being. There are clauses that are complete sentences and those that are not. We have a complete section on the classification of clauses found in our Independent and Dependent Clause worksheets. There are also adjective and adverbial clauses that function as an adjective or adverb in a sentence. There are also noun clauses that complement the subject in a sentence. There are clauses where words are purposeful left out to create a pattern or form of logic for a sentence called elliptical clauses.
You will start by identifying where these groups of words reside within sentences. You will learn how to connect these groups of words to form new sentences. We will look at how you can move these around to your advantage when writing or editing your own work to help them have more punch and keep readers engaged in what you are saying. The following collection of worksheets offers activities to help teach your students how to construct, identify, and punctuate the different types of clauses. Answer keys have been provided for the instructor, but please note that in many cases the students' answers will vary, so those answer keys should just be used as a rough guideline rather than as a definitive answer. Instructors may want to structure their lesson plans accordingly.