In any story we often see major events or phenomena take place and this is the basis of why the story was told or written in the first place. Having the ability to identify the root cause of this is event is what separate the average audience member from the critical thinkers. It is natural for any person to want to understand why something has happened. There are several keywords that often lead us to pinpoint the cause and effect relationships. The words that are the most common indicators include: therefore, consequently, this, and then. Once we learn to master this skill, we can identify turning points in stories and tales. Strong readers can often identify these sections while reading. Just because an event follows another doesn't necessarily mean it is a consequence of that event. This is known as the post hoc ergo propter hoc ("after this, therefore because of this") fallacy, and is one reason the scientific method was developed.
The following collection of worksheets offers example sentences of cause and effect relationships. Students must identify which piece is which. Answer keys are provided where necessary. Teach your students to be wary of false correlations! Helpful hint! In reading and writing, the words "because" and "so" (and their synonyms) can be good indicators that a focused relationship is present.