These worksheets examine the relationships between cause and effect, and offer exercises for your students.

In any story we often see major events or phenomena take place and this is the basis of why the story was told or written in the first place. Having the ability to identify the root cause of this is event is what separate the average audience member from the critical thinkers. It is natural for any person to want to understand why something has happened. There are several keywords that often lead us to pinpoint the cause and effect relationships. The words that are the most common indicators include: therefore, consequently, this, and then. Once we learn to master this skill, we can identify turning points in stories and tales. Strong readers can often identify these sections while reading. Just because an event follows another doesn't necessarily mean it is a consequence of that event. This is known as the post hoc ergo propter hoc ("after this, therefore because of this") fallacy, and is one reason the scientific method was developed.

The following collection of worksheets offers example sentences of cause and effect relationships. Students must identify which piece is which. Answer keys are provided where necessary. Teach your students to be wary of false correlations! Helpful hint! In reading and writing, the words "because" and "so" (and their synonyms) can be good indicators that a focused relationship is present.

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Print Cause and Effect Worksheets

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Stormy Sentences

Write a complete sentence that includes both of the need parts to help it make sense.

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Part Identification

Determine which is the cause and which is the effect in each sentence.

Finding What Fits

Underline the cause in each sentence. They don't often present themselves quickly. You may need to read these sentences several times.

Matching Sides

Find the matching parts and then write out the full sentence.

What's Up?

Read each sentence. Match the sentences that go together. Then rewrite them into the table below, putting the sentences in to the correct columns.

Example Me Up

You will need to come up with the effect here.

What Happened and Why?

Read each sentence. Answer the questions.

The Big Mess

Read the story. Complete the chart below. The chart will ask you to simply breakdown the story into a series of parts.

What's the Cause?

Read the effect and then write a cause. Then write a complete sentence that includes both the cause and the effect. Follow the example.

Read Into It

Break apart each sentence and see if you can classify which of the works deserves most of the attention here.

Beach Balls

Swing through all the Beach Balls and see what you have going on.

Mixed Up Sentences

The sentences below are all mixed up. Unscramble the sentences to match the causes with the right effects.

A Dragon Tale

Follow the example and you should be good to go. A dragon is a terrible thing to waste.

Getting Effected

We really enjoyed the sentences. See if you do too.

A Smashing Performance!

Read the story. Complete the chart below. This will help you be able to diagnose the theme of different sentences.