Your students will use the following activity sheets to explore various examples of figurative language.

Writers often use various forms of figurative language to make a writing piece have a much greater impact on the audience it was written for. Speakers often do the same thing. If you ever run into a great salesperson you can be sure that they are no stranger to figurative forms of language. Bold works of literature often employ a wide range of these techniques to engage the reader. There well over a dozen different classifications, but the main forms of figurative language that get the most attention are metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, and symbolism. As you begin to explore the works of more author you will realize that most author tend to use the same form over and over. This leads them to have their own writing style. Whether it is hyperbole, personification, an idiom, metaphor, or simile, the English language is full of figurative language.

This collection of worksheets will present the student with short sentences using unfamiliar language, and ask them to identify the type being used. Some uses of various forms of language have been highlighted, and others must be identified within the given sentence before being classified. Answer keys have been provided for each work sheet for instructors. Fun Fact: A common characteristic of students on the autism spectrum is that they have a difficult time understanding the uses of such forms as metaphors, puns, etc.

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Print Figurative Language Worksheets

Click the buttons to print each worksheet and associated answer key.

Identifying Worksheet

Label: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or personification. Explain.

Hidden In Sentences

Example: Her smile was a mile wide when she saw her new computer.

Words In Sentences

Example: The alarm screeched a warning for children to head for safety.

Label Happy

Example - With all of the overtime that Kathy works, you know she has tons of money saved for her vacation.

Sentence Worksheet

Draw write underneath the sentences.

Which Is It?

Determine if the underlined phrase is an idiom, simile, or metaphor.

I, S, or M?

Idiom – a common expression which means something different than what the words literally mean. Ex: once in a blue moon

Example Pieces

Simile – compares two unlike items using like or as. Ex: white as snow

A Place For That!

I’m really not sure what our plans are for today. We are going to play it by ear.

Old School

Grandpa is always playing pranks on us. I never know when he is telling the truth or pulling my leg.

It Figures!

Read each sentence. Underline the language that is figurative. Rewrite the sentence without this form of language, but with the same meaning.

Take Aways

Read each sentence. Underline the piece that needs removal and then rewrite the sentence without the language, but make sure the sentence conveys the same meaning.

Sentence Rewrites

Example: Dad is in the dog house after making Mom mad at him last night.

Where Are You Going?

Example: You're not out of the woods yet. Mom still hasn’t seen the paint you spilled.

Sure Figures

He can buy anything since he was born with a silver spoon in his mouth.

In Poetry

Read the poem. Then answer the questions by circling the answer.

Question Sheet

Decipher the meaning of the phrases in the poem.

Metaphor | Simile

Decide whether each sentence below contains a metaphor or a simile. Write your answer on the line. Then underline the metaphors in red. Underline the similes in blue.


Circle the type of form used: metaphor (M), simile (S), personification (P), or hyperbole (H). There may be more than one correct answer.

Identifying Figures

Read each sentence below. Determine which technique is being used. Write it on the line.


Highlight or underline the two things being compared in each metaphor.

Find the Hyperbole

Highlight or underline the hyperbole in each sentence.


Highlight or underline the personification in each sentence.

Metaphor, Simile, Hyperbole, Personification

Identify the type of figurative language in each sentence. Write it on the line.


Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

Example Me

Write an example of each language form.

Write It Up!

Write an example of each type of format that should be present here.


Determine which technique is being used. Write it on the line. Then explain your answer. There may be more than one correct answer.


Read each sentence. Circle the type used: metaphor (M), simile (S), personification (P), or hyperbole (H), alliteration (A), onomatopoeia (O), or idiom (I). There may be more than one correct answer.

Check Up

Match each type of form with its definition.

Using It!

Write four different sentences to describe the picture below. Use one type of language in each sentence. Then, under each sentence that you write, indicate what kind of language is being used.