Phonics is a method for approaching teaching student how to both read and write. One of them main focuses when reading is to sound out words. Over my teaching career I have taught using both phonics and whole language as my core startegies. I have found students that begin their pre-reading skills with phonics end up being better spellers later in life. My guess is that it is because they started reading words by always sounding out the word.
Please Note: You will find all of these topics available of the navigation bar on the left.